Recognizing and Preventing Racial, Gender, and Age Biases in Cost-Inclusive Evaluations
Led by the Washington Evaluators, July 7, 12:00pm - 1:00pm ET
Working from a model of cost-inclusive evaluation (CIE) that includes program
activities and processes, rather than just contrasting resources used by and outcomes produced by programs, this talk and discussion provides strategies for recognizing and reducing racial, gender, and age discrimination in CIE.
Brief description of the Resources → Activities → Processes → Outcomes model of CIE reveals the potential for CIE to reveal inequities and discrimination in program funding, access to services, and non-monetary as well as monetary outcomes. Assumptions and practices that can foster biased CIE are illustrated with examples. Some methods of reducing or avoiding biased CIEs can be found in time-tested methods of program evaluation, particularly involvement of multiple interest group perspectives throughout the evaluation.
Inclusion of program participants, consumers as well as providers, is essential to reducing biases in CIE. Without consumer involvement, CIE can result in economic and racial discrimination in how and particularly where evaluations recommend that program services be delivered. Two quantitative examples show how inequities in provider and consumer income can yield biased CIE.
Participants will be asked to describe additional drivers of biased and inequitable evaluation, and possible means of resolving those problems.
Dr. Brian Yates is a tenured Professor at American University. Dr. Yates received his Ph.D. from the Department of Psychology at Stanford University in 1976. His first book, published in 1980, applied operations research methods to collecting and analyzing data on costs, activities, and effectiveness. In 1981, Dr. Yates testified before a U.S. Congressional subcommittee on the cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit of therapy. Dr. Yates wrote the 1999 NIDA manual Measuring and improving cost, cost-effectiveness, and cost-benefit for substance abuse treatment programs. Dr. Yates also was a member of the 2006 APA Task Force on Evidence-Based Practice. He now has 100 publications including 5 books. His sixth, with Dr. Nadini Persaud, is in press for 2023.
Dr. Yates uses his Resource → Activity → Process → Outcomes Analysis model for formative evaluations of costs, cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit of alternative delivery systems for suicide prevention in civilian and military populations, substance misuse, parent-child relationship management, depression, and emergency assistance programs for human rights defenders in international contexts. With Dr. Mita Marra, Dr. Yates also has critiqued social return on investment. He also advocates for collaborative roles for evaluators and economists in cost-inclusive evaluation.
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